Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by intense mood swings and other symptoms. Learn more here.
What Is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that produces fluctuations in a person’s mood, functional capacity, and energy. Patients with bipolar disorder go through severe emotional or mood episodes that can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. These fluctuations in mood can be classified as manic, hypomanic, or depressive. Bipolar disorder can interfere with a person’s social interaction and relationship with loved ones.
The Difference Between Borderline Personality Disorder And Bipolar Disorder
What Are the Types of Bipolar Disorder?
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
Signs and Symptoms of Manic Episodes
Indications of a manic episode include:
- Excessive happiness, hopefulness, and excitement
- Sudden and severe changes in mood
- Rapid speech and racing thoughts
- Increased energy and less need for sleep
- Increased impulsivity and poor judgment
- Making grand and unattainable plans
- Reckless and risk-taking behavior
- Feeling unusually important, talented, or powerful.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypomania
Hypomania can be depicted as:
- Extreme irritation or rudeness
- Feeling too optimistic
- Unknown causes of unusually high activity or energy levels
- Being a lot more talkative and social than usual
- Having a greater than usual urge for sex
- Less sleep is required than normal
Signs and Symptoms of Depressive Episodes
Depressive episodes can manifest via:
- Overwhelming sadness
- Low energy and fatigue
- Lack of motivation
- Feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness
- Loss of enjoyment of things that were once pleasurable for you
- Difficulty concentrating and making decisions
- Uncontrollable crying
- Increased need for sleep
- Insomnia or excessive sleep
- A change in appetite causing weight loss or gain
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Signs and Symptoms of a Mixed Episode
- High energy
- Racing thoughts and speech
- Overactivity or agitation
What Causes Bipolar Disorder?
Changes In Your Brain
Environmental Factors Like Trauma and Stress
How Is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?
There is no single test that can diagnose bipolar disorder, although it does have recognizable symptoms. Doctors frequently combine different techniques to obtain a bipolar disorder diagnosis. The following methods specialists use in diagnosing bipolar disorder:
- A physical exam
- A thorough medical history
- Medical tests
- Mental health evaluation
Bipolar Disorder Treatment
Bipolar with manic depression episodes are often controlled by mental health professionals using mood-stabilizing medication. Bipolar disorder medication treatment aims to minimize the severity and number of depressive episodes and mania. Bipolar medication treatment includes at least one mood stabilizer, a standard antipsychotic, and a psychotherapy drug.
Benzodiazepines, also referred to as benzos, are a type of psychoactive bipolar medication. The primary chemical structure of benzodiazepines is the merger of a benzene ring with a diazepine ring. They are recommended to treat disorders including anxiety, sleeplessness, and seizures because they are depressants that reduce brain activity.
Psychoeducation is a combination of cognitive-behavioral treatment, group therapy, and education. The main objective is to educate patients and their families about the various aspects of the condition and its management so that they may collaborate with mental health specialists for a better outcome.
Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT)
This is a form of supplementary therapy for bipolar disorder. IPSRT provides methods for enhancing medication adherence and controlling stressful life circumstances. Patients who receive this type of therapy obtain knowledge and abilities that can assist them in guarding against the emergence of new episodes.
Can Bipolar Disorder Be Prevented?
What Is The Prognosis of Bipolar Disorder?
Get Help for Bipolar Disorder at Pacific Beach Health
Consult a healthcare professional if you think that you or a loved one may have bipolar disorder. Pacific Beach Health incorporates a variety of therapies to assist people in regulating their emotions and achieving mind-body wellness. Pacific Beach Health’s team of specialists collaborates to help individuals with bipolar disorders and develop healthy family relationships.